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The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States. Besides from the huge island, it includes several smaller islands, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques. In total, they covers 9.104 km2 and are the home of 3.195.153 citizens of which 75.8% are white, 12.4% black and 3.3% two or more races. 90% are Christians.
Puerto Rico was colonized by Spain following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1493. It was contested by French, Dutch and British, but remained a Spanish possession for the next four centuries. In 1898, following the Spanish–American War, the United States acquired Puerto Rico.
The climate of Puerto Rico is tropical rainforest. The biodiversity is large with many species endemic to the archipelago. Here are 239 plants, 16 birds and 39 amphibians/reptiles. The most recognizable endemic species and a symbol of Puerto Rican pride is the Coquís; Eleutherodactylus sp, a group of small frog easily identified by the sound of its call, from which it gets its name. Most coquí species (13 of 17) live in the El Yunque National Forest, a tropical rainforest in the northeast of the island previously known as the Caribbean National Forest.