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Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis is located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles, it is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere, in both area and population. It covers only 261 km2 and is the home of close to 55.000 people of which 92.5% is African, 3% Multiracial, 2.1% European and 1.5% Indian. 94,6% are Christians - but a lot of different Christians!
In 1623, the island was settled by the English, soon followed by the French; both agreeing to partition the island. A Spanish expedition sent to enforce Spanish claims, destroyed the English and French colonies and deported the settlers back to their respective countries in 1629. During the late-seventeenth century, France and England fought for control over St Kitts, then the French ceded the territory to the UK in 1713. Saint Kitts and Nevis along with Anguilla, became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. St. Kitts and Nevis achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
The highest peak, at 1.156 metres, is Mount Liamuiga on St. Kitts. The islands are of volcanic origin, with large central peaks covered in tropical rainforest; the steeper slopes leading to these peaks are mostly uninhabited.
St. Kitts has a tropical savanna climate and Nevis has a tropical monsoon climate. There are 176 species of birds, while the mammals are only represented by a few bats - and quite some invasive animals. Here are a few reptilians like the red-bellied racer; Alsophis rufiventris, Red-Footed Tortoise; Geochelone carbonaria, Saba Least Gecko; Sphaerodactylus sabanus, Island Least Gecko; Sphaerodactylus sputator, Panther Anole; Anolis bimaculatus, Schwartz's Anole; Anolis schwartzi, St. Christopher Ameiva; Ameiva erythrocephala and Montserrat Worm Snake; Typhlops monastus. A single amphibian; Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog; Eleutherodactylus johnstonei. And a lot of marine life...
Island Resources Foundation describes an inpressive 36 vegetation types in A Vegetation Classification of St. Kitts and Nevis inhabitant by at least 926 species of plants.