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Grenada consists of the island of Grenada itself plus the smaller islands: Petite Martinique, Ronde Island, Caille Island, Diamond Island, Large Island, Saline Island, and Frigate Island, which lie to the north of the main island. It covers 348,5 km2 and have around 110.000 inhabitants of which 80% are African, 10% Mixed, 5% Indian and .5% Other. 89% are Christians, 1% Rastafarian.
Christopher Columbus sighted Grenada in 1498 during his third voyage to the Americas. Although it was deemed the property of the King of Spain, there are no records to suggest the Spanish ever landed or settled on the island. Following several unsuccessful attempts by Europeans to colonise the island due to resistance from the Island Caribs, French settlement and colonisation began in 1650 and continued for the next century. In 1763, Grenada was ceded to the British. British rule continued, except for a period of French rule between 1779 and 1783, until 1974.On 3 March 1967, Grenada was granted full autonomy over its internal affairs as an Associated State, and it gained its independence on 7 February 1974.
The islands are of volcanic origin with extremely rich soil. Grenada's interior is very mountainous with Mount St. Catherine being the highest at 840 metres. The climate is tropical: hot and humid in the rainy season and cooled by the trade winds in the dry season.
That create a rich flora and fauna, although humans have driven some species to extinction. On the other hand, many invasive animals have been introduced like mongoose, monkeys, donkeys, cane toads and rats.
Among the more interesting mammals are the Nine-banded armadillo; Dasypus novemcinctus, Robinson's mouse opossum; Marmosa robinsoni along with ten species of bats. Here are three species of amphibians, the Red-footed tortoise; Geochelone carbonaria, the Turnip-tailed gecko; Thecadactylus rapicauda, Bronze anole; Anolis aeneus, Grenada tree anole; Anolis richardii, Green Iguana; Iguana iguana, Giant ameiva; Ameiva ameiva, LaGuaira Bachia; Bachia heteropa, a skink; Mabuya mabouya and six snakes. The avifauna of Grenada include a total of 177 species, and the surounding sea is teaming with life.