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Antigua and Barbuda is made up by two major islands and 45 smaller islands. It covers 440 km2 and is the home of around 85.000 citizens of which 91% are African, 4.4% Multiracial, 1.7% European and 2.9% Others. The main religion is Christianity with 76,5%.
The island of Antigua was explored by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and named for the Church of Santa Marķa La Antigua. Antigua was colonized by Britain in 1632; Barbuda island was first colonized in 1678. With the breakup of the federation, it became one of the West Indies Associated States in 1967 and independence was granted from United Kingdom on 1 November 1981.
Antigua and Barbuda both are generally low-lying islands whose terrain has been influenced more by limestone formations than volcanic activity. The highest point on Antigua is Mount Obama (formerly Boggy Peak), the remnant of a volcanic crater rising 402 metres.
The nature suffered badly from the sugar plantations, but here are round 182 species of birds, seven bat species, Antigua least gecko; Sphaerodactylus elegantulus, Cuban tree frog; Osteopilus septentrionalis, Lesser Antillean whistling frog; Eleutherodactylus johnstonei,Red-footed tortoise; Geochelone carbonaria, four species of Anolis, Griswold's ameiva; Pholidoscelis griswoldi, Underwood's spectacled tegu; Gymnophthalmus underwoodi, a skink; Mabuya mabouya, TMontiserrat worm snake; Typhlops monastus, and Antiguan racer; Alsophis antiguae. The surounding sea is rich with several turtles and numerous fish.